There are many names for the groups of nomadic type of peoples that live their lives in constant travel, it largely depending which region of the world on is in, but the term Traveller is one of more common. Other common terms are roamers, caravanners, and wagoners. These terms are even used in reference to the groups that have come to settle an area and travel no more, though they are also known as ronomers, a term derived from ‘roam no more.’ While many groups travel just the roads of a single region, there are quite a few groups that also venture out upon the seas, and even a few that their paths span the whole globe.
Travellers are best described as being a kind of extended family group that spend their lives traveling, or their ancestors did and they are now settled. These groups are referred to either as caravans (usually preferred by the groups that stay close together) or constellations (usually prefered by those that may have parts split off from time to time). It is entirely possible for a group to be known as both and even switch between the two, but usually they have a preference one way or another. Often the caravan or constellation would be named after the originating family line (this name is often used among other travellers and not usually shared with non travellers) and another name, like a stage name almost that they freely tell the rest of the world, that reflects the kind of work they do or something that holds significance to the group as a whole.
There is no single group of travellers, many with no relation between them whatsoever and many different species to be found among them. They are several different groups many with different origins, and exist in some form all over the world. Some groups have always just been nomadic in nature, while other groups may have been forced into the nomadic lifestyle, others may just have been families migrating to find a new home and new lands and just could never find a place to settle. Each caravan/constellation has their own story.
Religious beliefs of the traveller group depends greatly on the region they favor and the group. It is not uncommon that groups over time adopt parts of regional cultures that the group finds compatiable into their own, with religion (or parts of the religion) being one of the more common.
There are some negative views about travellers, but that is largely due to perception, communication, and trust issues. Travellers do not trust easily (especially depending on their origin). Each group has their own set of trials to put outsiders (non travellers) through for them to earn their trust, especially if an outsider was looking to join their group. Many of the traveller groups do not put much weight on a person’s species - but rather focus on the nature person themselves. Traveller groups are often havens for those that have no where else to go or the unwanted once they earn their place.
Travellers do not put much value into money, it is mostly a means to buy supplies. Wealth for a traveller is often in the form of something they can display and show off. This is especially true if it is a gift from a friend or family member. A thoughtful gift given can (even if it is like the worst macaroni picture ever) mean more to them then a pile of money - as it is a display on how much they are cared form, a physical representation of their family or friend bond.
While there are many different types of nomadic lifestyles, to be considered a traveller the group must have the majority of these characteristics:
A value and ideal of the expression freedom - travellers often find too many rules or laws constrictive of their freedom and an insult to their common sense (and some even honor). This is also reflected in the fact they have no ties to a homeland, territorial sovereignty, or claim to national sovereignty in any lands they reside (even if settled). They believe in traveling where they will, often paying little heed to political borders and politics (as many believes it also goes against their notion of freedom). Freedom is very important to a traveller.
A single family acts as the leadership, and the position can be inherited, elected, or appointed. The eldest member of that family is considered the head of the group. At any time if any member of the group feels like the family is failing in their duties they can call for a vote to have the family removed. If the family is removed then the group would host another vote to elect a new family in.
Elders are respected and often used as council, it is believed with age comes wisdom and that wisdom should be used to help guide the group. Other then that they do not really have social stratification within the group. No one member of the group is seen as being above the others.
Trust is very important, and the phrase ‘a person is only as good as their word’ has very heavy weight to these groups. If a traveller gives their word they would do something, they will do it. For if they break this word, it will ruin their reputation and show they can not be trusted. This can ruin a traveller, especially if it was done to another traveller, and is often punished. (Note: ‘giving their word’ is not the same thing as a promise, but is considered something much more serious.) Outsiders are generally seen as untrustworthy until proven otherwise, until then a travellers are very cautious of their interactions with non travellers.
Family bonds are precious to them. This is especially true as most traveller groups are collections of ten to hundreds extended families in a single group. Family is also more than just blood. Many traveller groups do adopt those that earn their trust and place among them, and once that is earned the one adopted is as good as family. Even if a traveller ends up off on their own, they always know they have their family. Even good friends are as good as family.
Music, Songs and dancing are core to their culture. These groups practice oral traditions (written records are often susceptible to the conditions of traveling easy to lose) and often keep their family history in the form of songs, music and even dances. Such activities also help them express their culture and bring the family together when they have time for leisure. Storytelling and theater are also common to these groups, and many even use it to make their living.
The dead are cremated. Death is considered impure, especially as a dead body is not healthy to keep around for long. Therefore a cremation ceremony is performed to purify the family and group while also one last farewell to the deceased. (the exact ceremony varies from group to group)